History, development and status of Indigenous Cow
Indigenous cow can be maintained very easily and anywhere, even under the tree. It requires almost zero budgets. The exotic breed requires unaffordable modern infrastructure and facilities & a sanitized atmosphere.
2) Working ability
Indigenous bullocks have strong long bones and strong musculature. They possess good heat adaptability and water holding capacity. They can work for long hours without food and water. The hump gives extra support so that the cross bar of bullock cart does not slip back. Bos Tarus (exotic breed) bullock cannot work in summer & are lethargic. They are not suitable for agricultural and transportation purpose. In general. cross breed calves are sent to slaughter house.
3) Milk Yield
We have very good milch cows which give more than 15-20 liters quality milk per day. One liter of good medicinal valued creamy milk of indigenous cow is better than 10 liters of white watery milk of exotic cow
Panchagavya (milk, curd, ghee, urine and dung) is the best naturally available medicine which cure many diseases. This makes very good pest repellent, good manure and makes the soil rich with nutrients. According to true cow based economy, dung & urine are the major sources of economy. next the bullock energy ; milk comes thereafter. Dung can resist harmful radiations. This contains eco friendly microbes, which are essential for agriculture.
5) Disease Resistance
Unparallel disease resistance ability of indigenous cows makes them easily maintainable with low input.
Skin area per squ.inch in one cow is more. The skin can twitch locally when a fly bites; small hairs keep skin clean & shiny.
The length of tail & switches are long in indigenous cows. This specialty is helpful to protect cow from flies.
In indigenous cows, the hooves are hard, small & placed closely. This makes the bullocks to work in the field with ease.
The difference between the Y sex chromosomes is one of the major problems in cross breed cows.
10) Basal Metabolic Rate
The metabolic activities inside the body cells in terms of basal metabolic rate (B.M.R.) in Bos Indicus is very low. That is why low quality food in minimum quantity is enough to maintain the cow.